Gambling Law US
New York Bingo Law
New York Bingo Licensing Law
Gambling Related Websites
Current through Dec. 1, 2016
Table of Sections
475. Short title; purpose of article.
S 475. Short title; purpose of article . This article shall be known and may be cited as the bingo licensing law. The legislature hereby declares that the raising of funds for the promotion of bona fide charitable, educational, scientific, health, religious, civic and patriotic causes and undertakings, where the beneficiaries are indefinite, is in the public interest. It hereby finds that, as conducted prior to the enactment of this article, bingo was the subject of exploitation by professional gamblers, promoters, and commercial interests. It is hereby declared to be the policy of the legislature that all phases of the supervision, licensing and regulation of bingo and of the conduct of bingo games, should be closely controlled and that the laws and regulations pertaining thereto should be strictly construed and rigidly enforced; that the conduct of the game and all attendant activities should be so regulated and adequate controls so instituted as to discourage commercialization in all its forms, including the rental of commercial premises for bingo games, and to ensure a maximum availability of the net proceeds of bingo exclusively for application to the worthy causes and undertakings specified herein; that the only justification for this article is to foster and support such worthy causes and undertakings, and that the mandate of section nine of article one of the state constitution, as amended, should be carried out by rigid regulation to prevent commercialized gambling, prevent participation by criminal and other undesirable elements and prevent the diversion of funds from the purposes herein authorized.
S 476. Definitions. As used in this article, the following terms shall have the following meanings:
1. "Municipality " shall mean any city, town or village within the state.
2. "Control commission" or "commission " shall mean the state racing and wagering board.
3. "Bingo " or "game " shall mean and include a specific game of chance, commonly known as bingo or lotto, in which prizes are awarded on the basis of designated numbers or symbols on a card conforming to numbers or symbols selected at random.
4. "Authorized organization " shall mean and include any bona fide religious or charitable organization or bona fide educational, fraternal, civic or service organization or bona fide organization of veterans, volunteer firefighters, or volunteer ambulance workers, which by its charter, certificate of incorporation, constitution, or act of the legislature, shall have among its dominant purposes one or more of the lawful purposes as defined in this article, provided that each shall operate without profit to its members, and provided that each such organization has engaged in serving one or more of the lawful purposes as defined in this article for a period of one year immediately prior to applying for a license under this article.
5. "Bingo control law " shall mean article nineteen-B of the executive law.
6. "Lawful purposes " shall mean one or more of the following causes, deeds or activities:
(a) Those which shall benefit needy or deserving persons indefinite in number by enhancing their opportunity for religious or educational advancement, by relieving them from disease, suffering or distress, or by contributing to their physical well-being, by assisting them in establishing themselves in life as worthy and useful citizens, or by increasing their comprehension of and devotion to the principles upon which this nation was founded and enhancing their loyalty to their governments;
(b) Those which shall initiate, perform or foster worthy public works or shall enable or further the erection or maintenance of public structures;
(c) Those which shall initiate, perform or foster the provisions of services to veterans by encouraging the gathering of such veterans and shall enable or further the erection or maintenance of facilities for use by such veterans which shall be used primarily for charitable or patriotic purposes, or those purposes which shall be authorized by a bona fide organization of veterans, provided however that such proceeds are disbursed in accordance with the rules and regulations of the racing and wagering board.
(d) Those which shall otherwise lessen the burdens borne by government or which are voluntarily undertaken by an authorized organization to augment or supplement services which government would normally render to the people.
7. "Net proceeds " shall mean
(a) in relation to the gross receipts from one or more occasions of bingo, the amount that shall remain after deducting the reasonable sums necessarily and actually expended for bingo supplies and equipment, prizes, stated rental if any, bookkeeping or accounting services according to a schedule of compensation prescribed by the commission, janitorial services and utility supplies if any, license fees, and the cost of bus transportation, if authorized by the control commission, and
(b) in relation to the gross rent received by an organization licensed to conduct bingo for the use of its premises by another licensee, the amount that shall remain after deducting the reasonable sums necessarily and actually expended for janitorial services and utility supplies directly attributable thereto if any.
8. "Net lease" shall mean a written agreement between a lessor and lessee under the terms of which the lessee is entitled to the possession, use or occupancy of the whole or part of any commercial premises for which the lessee pays rent to the lessor and likewise undertakes to pay substantially all of the regularly recurring expenses incident to the operation and maintenance of such leased premises.
9. "Authorized commercial lessor " shall mean a person, firm or corporation other than a licensee to conduct bingo under the provisions of this article, who or which shall own or be a net lessee of premises and offer the same for leasing by him or it to an authorized organization for any consideration whatsoever, direct or indirect, for the purpose of conducting bingo therein, provided that he or it, as the case may be, shall not be
Nothing contained in this subdivision shall be construed to bar any firm or corporation which is not organized for pecuniary profit and no part of the net earnings of which inure to the benefit of any individual, member, or shareholder, from being an authorized commercial lessor solely because a public officer, or a person married or related in the first degree to a public officer, is a member of, active in or employed by such firm or corporation.
10. "Limited period bingo " shall mean the conduct of bingo by a licensed authorized organization, for a period of not more than seven of twelve consecutive days in any one year, at a festival, bazaar, carnival or similar function conducted by such licensed authorized organization.
No authorized organization licensed to conduct limited period bingo shall be otherwise eligible to conduct bingo pursuant to this article in the same year.
11. "Supercard " shall mean a bingo card on which prizes are awarded, which card is selected by the player, containing five designated numbers, colors or symbols, corresponding to the letters B, I, N, G, O, displayed on the bingo board of the bingo premises operator, which can be played concurrently with the other bingo cards played during the game of bingo.
11-a. "Early bird " shall mean a bingo game which is played as a special game, conducted not more than twice during a bingo occasion, in which prizes are awarded based upon a percentage not to exceed seventy-five percent of the sum of money received from the sale of the early bird cards and which is neither subject to the prize limits imposed by subdivisions five and six of section four hundred seventy-nine and paragraph (a) of subdivision one of section four hundred eighty-one, nor the special game opportunity charge limit imposed by section four hundred eighty-nine of this article. The percentage shall be specified both in the application for bingo license and the license. Not more than one dollar shall be charged per card with the total amount collected from the sale of the early bird cards and the prize for each game to be announced before the commencement of each game.
12. "Prize ", where supercard is played as set forth in subdivision eleven of this section, shall mean the sum of money or actual value of merchandise awarded to the winner or winners on a game card during a game of bingo and the sum of money or actual value of merchandise awarded to the winner or winners on a supercard in excess of the total receipts derived from the sale of supercards for that specific game.
S 477. Local option. Subject to the provisions of this article, and pursuant to the direction contained in subdivision two of section nine of article one of the constitution of the state, the legislature hereby gives and grants to every municipality the right, power and authority to authorize the conduct of bingo games by authorized organizations within the territorial limits of such municipality provided, however, that where the electors of a village shall hereafter approve a local law or ordinance pursuant to section four hundred seventy-eight of this article, the right, power and authority under this article of any town in which such village is located shall not extend to such village during such time as such village local law or ordinance is in effect.
S 478. Local laws and ordinances.
1. The common council or other local legislative body of any municipality may, either by local law or ordinance, provide that it shall be lawful for any authorized organization, upon obtaining a license therefor as hereinafter provided, to conduct the game of bingo within the territorial limits of such municipality, subject to the provisions of such local law or ordinance, the provisions of this article, and the provisions of the bingo control law.
2. No such local law or ordinance shall become operative or effective unless and until it shall have been approved by a majority of the electors voting on a proposition submitted at a general or special election held within such municipality who are qualified to vote for officers of such municipality.
3. The time, method and manner of submission, preparation and provision of ballots and ballot labels, balloting by voting machine and conducting the election, canvassing the result and making and filing the returns and all other procedure with reference to the submission of and action upon any proposition for the approval of any such local law or ordinance shall be the same as in the case of any other proposition to be submitted to the electors of such municipality at a general or special election in such municipality, as provided by law.
S 479. Restrictions upon conduct of bingo games. The conduct of bingo games authorized by local law or ordinance shall be subject to the following restrictions irrespective of whether the restrictions are contained in such local law or ordinance; but nothing herein shall be construed to prevent the inclusion within such local law or ordinance of other provisions imposing additional restrictions upon the conduct of bingo games:
1. No person, firm, association, corporation or organization, other than a licensee under the provisions of this article, shall conduct such game or shall lease or otherwise make available for conducting bingo a hall or other premises for any consideration whatsoever, direct or indirect.
2. No bingo games shall be held, operated or conducted on or within any leased premises if rental under such lease is to be paid, wholly or partly, on the basis of a percentage of the receipts or net profits derived from the operation of such game.
3. No authorized organization licensed under the provisions of this article shall purchase, lease, or receive any supplies or equipment specifically designed or adapted for use in the conduct of bingo games from other than a supplier licensed under the bingo control law or from another authorized organization.
4. The entire net proceeds of any game of bingo and of any rental shall be exclusively devoted to the lawful purposes of the organization permitted to conduct the same.
5. No prize shall exceed the sum or value of one thousand dollars in any single game of bingo.
6. No series of prizes on any one bingo occasion shall aggregate more than three thousand dollars.
7. No person except a bona fide member of any such organization shall participate in the management or operation of such game.
8. No person shall receive any remuneration for participating in the management or operation of any game of bingo.
9. The unauthorized conduct of a bingo game and any wilful violation of any provision of any local law or ordinance shall constitute and be punishable as a misdemeanor.
9-a. No person licensed to sell bingo supplies or equipment, or their agents, shall conduct, participate in, or assist in the conduct of bingo. Nothing herein shall prohibit a licensed distributor from selling, offering for sale, or explaining a product to an authorized organization, or installing, or servicing bingo equipment, upon the premises of a bingo game licensee.
10. Limited period bingo shall be conducted in accordance with the provisions of this article and the rules and regulations of the commission.
S 480. Application for license.
1. To conduct bingo.
(a) Each applicant for a license shall, after obtaining an identification number from the control commission, file with the clerk of the municipality a written application therefor in the form prescribed in the rules and regulations of the control commission, duly executed and verified, in which shall be stated:
(b) In each application there shall be designated an active member or members of the applicant organization under whom the game or games of bingo will be conducted and to the application shall be appended a statement executed by the member or members so designated, that he or they will be responsible for the conduct of such bingo games in accordance with the terms of the license, and the rules and regulations of the commission and of this article.
2. Commercial lessor.
(a) Each applicant for a license to lease premises to a licensed organization for the purposes of conducting bingo therein shall file with the clerk of the municipality a written application therefor in a form prescribed in the rules and regulations of the control commission duly executed and verified, which shall set forth the name and address of the applicant; designation and address of the premises intended to be covered by the license sought; lawful capacity for public assembly purposes; cost of premises and assessed valuation for real estate tax purposes, or annual net lease rent, whichever is applicable; gross rentals received and itemized expenses for the immediately preceding calendar or fiscal year, if any; gross rentals, if any, derived from bingo during the last preceding calendar or fiscal year; computation by which proposed rental schedule was determined; number of occasions on which applicant anticipates receiving rent for bingo during the ensuing year or shorter period if applicable; proposed rent for each such occasion; estimated gross rental income from all other sources during the ensuing year; estimated expenses itemized for ensuing year and amount of each item allocated to bingo rentals; a statement that the applicant in all respects conforms with the specifications contained in the definition of "authorized commercial lessor" set forth in section four hundred seventy-six of this article, and such other information as shall be prescribed by such rules and regulations.
(b) At the end of the license period, a recapitulation, in a manner prescribed in the rules and regulations of the commission, shall be made as between the licensee and the municipal governing body in respect of the gross rental actually received during the license period and the fee paid therefor, and any deficiency of fee thereby shown to be due shall be paid by the licensee and any excess of fee thereby shown to have been paid shall be credited to said licensee, in such manner as the commission by rules and regulations shall prescribe.
S 481. Investigation; matters to be determined; issuance of license; fees; duration of license.
1. The governing body of the municipality shall make an investigation of the qualifications of each applicant and the merits of each application, with due expedition after the filing of the application.
(b) Issuance of licenses to commercial lessors. If the governing body of the municipality shall determine that the applicant seeking to lease a hall or premises for the conduct of bingo to an authorized organization is duly qualified to be licensed under this article; that the applicant satisfies the requirements for an authorized commercial lessor as defined in section four hundred seventy-six that at the time of the issuance of an initial license, the governing body of the municipality shall find and determine that there is a public need and that public advantage will be served by the issuance of such license; that the applicant has filed its proposed rent for each bingo occasion; that the commission has approved as fair and reasonable a schedule of maximum rentals for each such occasion; that there is no diversion of the funds of the proposed lessee from the lawful purposes as defined in this article; and that such leasing of a hall or premises for the conduct of bingo is to be in accordance with the provisions of this article and in accordance with the rules and regulations of the commission, it shall issue a license permitting the applicant to lease said premises for the conduct of bingo to the authorized organization or organizations specified in the application during the period therein specified or such shorter period as the governing body of the municipality shall determine, but not to exceed one year, upon payment of a license fee of ten dollars plus an amount based upon the aggregate rent specified in the license and determined in accordance with the following schedule:
aggregate rental of $100 to $499 ....................... $5.00
2. On or before the thirtieth day of each month, the treasurer of the municipality shall transmit to the state comptroller a sum equal to fifty percent of all commercial lessor license fees and the sum of eleven dollars and twenty-five cents per occasion of all license fees for the conduct of bingo collected by such municipality pursuant to this section during the preceding calendar month.
3. No license shall be issued under this article which shall be effective for a period of more than one year. In the case of limited period bingo, no license shall be issued authorizing the conduct of such games on more than two occasions in any one day nor shall any license be issued under this article which shall be effective for a period of more than seven of twelve consecutive days in any one year. No license for the conduct of limited period bingo shall be issued in cities having a population of one million or more.
S 482. Hearing; amendment of license.
1. No application for the issuance of a license shall be denied by the governing body until after a hearing, held on due notice to the applicant, at which the applicant shall be entitled to be heard upon the qualifications of the applicant and the merits of the application.
2. Any license issued under this article may be amended, upon application made to the governing body of the municipality which issued it, if the subject matter of the proposed amendment could lawfully and properly have been included in the original license and upon payment of such additional license fee if any, as would have been payable if it had been so included.
S 483. Form and contents of license; display of license.
1. Each license to conduct bingo shall be in such form as shall be prescribed in the rules and regulations promulgated by the control commission, and shall contain a statement of the name and address of the licensee, of the names and addresses of the member or members of the licensee under whom the games will be conducted, of the place or places where and the date or dates and time or times when such games are to be conducted and of the specific purposes to which the entire net proceeds of such games are to be devoted; if any prize or prizes are to be offered and given in cash, a statement of the amounts of the prizes authorized so to be offered and given; and any other information which may be required by said rules and regulations to be contained therein, and each license issued for the conduct of any game shall be conspicuously displayed at the place where same is to be conducted at all times during the conduct thereof.
2. Each license to lease premises for conducting bingo shall be in such form as shall be prescribed in the rules and regulations of the control commission and shall contain a statement of the name and address of the licensee and the address of the leased premises, the amount of permissible rent and any other information which may be required by said rules and regulations to be contained therein, and each such license shall be conspicuously displayed upon such premises at all times during the conduct of bingo.
S 484. Control and supervision; suspension of licenses; inspection of premises.
1. The governing body of any municipality issuing any license under this article shall have and exercise rigid control and close supervision over all games of bingo conducted under such license, to the end that the same are fairly conducted in accordance with the provisions of such license, the provisions of the rules and regulations promulgated by the control commission and the provisions of this article and such governing body and the control commission shall have the power and the authority to suspend any license issued by such governing body and to revoke the same, and, additionally, in the case of an authorized commercial lessor, to impose a fine in an amount not exceeding one thousand dollars, after notice and hearing, for violation of any such provisions, and shall have the right of entry, by their respective officers and agents, at all times into any premises where any game of bingo is being conducted or where it is intended that any such game shall be conducted, or where any equipment being used or intended to be used in the conduct thereof is found, for the purpose of inspecting the same.
2. In addition to the authority granted pursuant to subdivision one of this section, the governing body and the control commission, in a city having a population of one million or more, may impose a fine in an amount not exceeding one thousand dollars, after notice and hearing, on any licensee under this article for violation of any provision of such license, this article or rules and regulations promulgated pursuant thereto.
S 485. Sunday; conduct of games on. No games of bingo shall be conducted under any license issued under this article on the first day of the week, commonly known as designated as Sunday, unless it shall be otherwise provided in the license issued for the holding, operating and conducting thereof, pursuant to the provisions of a local law or an ordinance duly adopted by the governing body of the municipality issuing the license, authorizing the conduct of bingo under this article on that day.
S 486. Participation by persons under eighteen . No person under the age of eighteen years shall be permitted to play any game or games of bingo conducted pursuant to any license issued under this article unless accompanied by an adult. No person under the age of eighteen years shall be permitted to conduct or assist in the conduct of any game of bingo conducted pursuant to any license issued under this article.
S 487. Frequency of game; sale of alcoholic beverages . No game or games of bingo, except limited period bingo, shall be conducted under any license issued under this article more often than on eighteen days in any three successive calendar months. No game or games of limited period bingo shall be conducted between the hours of twelve midnight postmeridian and noon, and no more than sixty games may be conducted on any single occasion of limited period bingo. No game or games of bingo shall be conducted in any room or outdoor area where alcoholic beverages are sold, served or consumed during the progress of the game or games.
S 488. Persons operating and conducting games; equipment; expenses; compensation.
1. No person shall hold, operate or conduct any game of bingo under any license issued under this article except a bona fide member of the authorized organization to which the license is issued, and no person shall assist in the holding, operating or conducting of any game of bingo under such license except such a bona fide member or a bona fide member of an organization or association which is an auxiliary to the licensee or a bona fide member of an organization or association of which such licensee is an auxiliary or a bona fide member of an organization or association which is affiliated with the licensee by being, with it, auxiliary to another organization or association and except bookkeepers or accountants as hereinafter provided. Provided, however, any person may assist the licensed organization in any activity related to the game of bingo which does not actually involve the holding, conducting, managing or operating of such game of bingo. No game of bingo shall be conducted with any equipment except such as shall be owned absolutely or leased by the authorized organization so licensed or used without payment of any compensation therefor by the licensee.
2. Notwithstanding any provision of this article to the contrary, a person who is a bona fide member of an organization licensed to conduct the game of bingo and is also a bona fide member of one or more other organizations which are also licensed to conduct the game of bingo, and such organizations are not affiliates or auxiliaries of the others, shall be authorized to operate, conduct or assist in the operation or conduct of games of bingo held by any of such organizations licensed to conduct bingo.
S 489. Charge for admission and participation; amount of prizes; award of prizes. Except in the conduct of limited period bingo, not more than five dollars shall be charged by any licensee for admission to any room or place in which any game or games of bingo are to be conducted under any license issued under this article, which admission fee, upon payment thereof, shall entitle the person paying the same to participate without additional charge in all regular games of bingo to be played under such license on such occasion. In the conduct of limited period bingo:
S 490. Advertising of bingo games. A licensee may advertise the conduct of an occasion of bingo to the general public by means of newspaper, radio, circular, handbill and poster, and by one sign not exceeding sixty square feet in area, which may be displayed on or adjacent to the premises owned or occupied by a licensed authorized organization, and when an organization is licensed to conduct bingo occasions on the premises of another licensed authorized organization or of a licensed commercial lessor, one additional such sign may be displayed on or adjacent to the premises in which the occasions are to be conducted. Additional signs may be displayed upon any firefighting equipment belonging to any licensed authorized organization which is a volunteer fire company, or upon any equipment of a first aid or rescue squad in and throughout the community served by such volunteer fire company or such first aid or rescue squad, as the case may be. All advertisements shall be limited to the description of such event as "bingo", the name of the licensed authorized organization conducting such occasions, the license number of the authorized organization as assigned by the clerk and the date, location and time of the bingo occasion.
S 491. Statement of receipts, expenses; additional license fees .
1. Within seven days after the conclusion of any occasion of bingo, the authorized organization which conducted the same, and its members who were in charge thereof, and when applicable the authorized organization which rented its premises therefor, shall each furnish to the clerk of the municipality a statement subscribed by the member in charge and affirmed by him as true, under the penalties of perjury, showing the amount of the gross receipts derived therefrom and each item of expense incurred, or paid, and each item of expenditure made or to be made, the name and address of each person to whom each such item has been paid, or is to be paid, with a detailed description of the merchandise purchased or the services rendered therefor, the net proceeds derived from such game or rental, as the case may be, and the use to which such proceeds have been or are to be applied and a list of prizes offered and given, with the respective values thereof, and it shall be the duty of each licensee to maintain and keep such books and records as may be necessary to substantiate the particulars of each such statement and within fifteen days after the end of each calendar quarter during which there has been any occasion of bingo, a summary statement of such information, in form prescribed by the state, shall be furnished in the same manner to the state racing and wagering board.
2. Upon the filing of such statement of receipts, the authorized organization furnishing the same shall pay to the clerk of the municipality as and for an additional license fee a sum based upon the reported net proceeds, if any, for the occasion covered by such statement and determined in accordance with such schedule as shall be established from time to time by the commission to defray the cost to municipalities of administering the provisions of this article and of article nineteen-B of the executive law.
S 492. Examination of books and records; examination of managers, etc.; disclosure of information. The governing body of the municipality and the control commission shall have power to examine or cause to be examined the books and records of
1. Any authorized organization which is or has been licensed to conduct bingo, so far as they may relate to bingo including the maintenance, control and disposition of net proceeds derived from bingo or from the use of its premises for bingo, and to examine any manager, officer, director, agent, member or employee thereof under oath in relation to the conduct of any such game under any such license, the use of its premises for bingo, or the disposition of net proceeds derived from bingo, as the case may be.
2. Any licensed authorized commercial lessor so far as they may relate to leasing premises for bingo and to examine said lessor or any manager, officer, director, agent or employee thereof under oath in relation to such leasing.
Any information so received shall not be disclosed except so far as may be necessary for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this article, and article nineteen-B of the executive law.
S 493. Appeals from municipal governing body to control commission.
Any applicant for, or holder of, any license issued or to be issued under this article aggrieved by any action of the governing body of the municipality to which such application has been made or by which such license has been issued, may appeal to the control commission from the determination of said governing body by filing with the governing body a written notice of appeal within thirty days after the determination or action appealed from, and upon the hearing of such appeal, the evidence, if any, taken before the governing body and any additional evidence may be produced and shall be considered in arriving at a determination of the matters in issue, and the action of the control commission upon said appeal shall be binding upon said governing body and all parties to said appeal.
S 494. Exemption from prosecution. No person or corporation lawfully conducting, or participating in the conduct of bingo or permitting the conduct upon any premises owned or leased by him or it under any license lawfully issued pursuant to this article, shall be liable to prosecution or conviction for violation of any provision of article two hundred twenty-five of the penal law or any other law or ordinance to the extent that such conduct is specifically authorized by this article, but this immunity shall not extend to any person or corporation knowingly conducting or participating in the conduct of bingo under any license obtained by any false pretense or by any false statement made in any application for license or otherwise, or permitting the conduct upon any premises owned or leased by him or it of any game of bingo conducted under any license known to him or it to have been obtained by any such false pretense or statement.
S 495. Offenses; forfeiture of license; ineligibility to apply for license .
Any person, association or corporation who or which shall:
(1) make any false statement in any application for any license authorized to be issued under this article;
(2) pay or receive, for the use of any premises for conducting bingo, a rental in excess of the amount specified as the permissible rent in the license provided for in subdivision two of section four hundred eighty of this article;
(3) fail to keep such books and records as shall fully and truly record all transactions connected with the conducting of bingo or the leasing of premises to be used for the conduct of bingo;
(4) falsify or make any false entry in any books or records so far as they relate in any manner to the conduct of bingo, to the disposition of the proceeds thereof and to the application of the rents received by any authorized organization;
(5) divert or pay any portion of the net proceeds of any game of bingo to any person, association or corporation, except in furtherance of one or more of the lawful purposes defined in this article; or
(6) violate any of the provisions of this article or of any term of any license issued under this article; shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and shall forfeit any license issued under this article and be ineligible to apply for a license under this article for one year thereafter.
S 495-a. Unlawful bingo or game.
1. For the purposes of this section, "bingo" or "game" shall mean and include a specific game or chance, commonly known as bingo or lotto, in which prizes are awarded on the basis of designated numbers or symbols on a card conforming to numbers or symbols selected at random, whether or not a person who participates as a player furnishes something of value for the opportunity to participate.
S 496. Article inoperative until adopted by voters. Except as provided in section 495-a, the provisions of this article shall remain inoperative in any municipality unless and until a proposition therefor submitted at a general or special election in such municipality shall be approved by a vote of the majority of the qualified electors in such municipality voting thereon.
S 497. Amendment and repeal of local laws and ordinances. Any such local law or ordinance may be amended, from time to time, or repealed by the common council or other local legislative body of the municipality which enacted it and such amendment or repeal, as the case may be, may be made effective and operative not earlier than thirty days following the date of enactment of the local law or ordinance effecting such amendment or repeal, as the case may be; and the approval of a majority of the electors of such municipality shall not be a condition prerequisite to the taking effect of such local law or ordinance.
S 498. Delegation of authority. The governing body of a municipality may delegate to an officer or officers thereof designated by it for that purpose any of the authority granted to it hereby in relation to the issuance, amendment and cancellation of licenses, the conduct of investigations and hearings, the supervision of the operation of the games and the collection and transmission of fees.
S 498-a. Powers and duties of mayors or managers of certain cities.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this article, whenever the charter of any city, or any special or local law, provides that the mayor or manager of such city is the chief law enforcement officer thereof, then and in that event such mayor or manager, as the case may be, shall have, exercise and perform all the powers and duties otherwise prescribed by this article to be exercised and performed by the governing body of such city except those prescribed by section four hundred seventy-eight hereof, and in any such case, the term "governing body of a municipality" as used in this article shall be deemed to mean and include the mayor or manager of any such city.
S 499. Severability. If any provision of this article or the application thereof to any municipality, person or circumstances shall be adjudged unconstitutional by any court of competent jurisdiction, the remainder of this article or the application thereof to other municipalities, persons and circumstances shall not be affected thereby, and the legislature hereby declares that it would have enacted this article without the invalid provision or application, as the case may be, had such invalidity been apparent.
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