Gambling Law US
Vermont Gambling Laws
Gambling Related Websites
Current to Jan. 1, 2012
§ 3981. Loser may recover loss.
A person who pays money or other valuable thing lost at a game or sport or horse race may recover the value thereof of the person to whom it was paid in a civil action, if commenced within one month from the time of payment.
Chapter 51: Gambling And Lotteries
§ 2101. Setting up, promoting or aiding
Except as provided in section 2143 of this title, a person who sets up or promotes a lottery for money or other property, or disposes of money or property by a lottery, and a person aiding or concerned in so doing, or who knowingly allows premises owned or occupied by him or her or under his or her control to be used for that purpose, or by persons raffling or using a game of chance for money or property, shall be imprisoned not more than one year or fined not more than $10,000.00, or both, for the first offense and imprisoned not more than three years or fined not more than $10,000.00, or both, for each subsequent offense.
§ 2102. Disposing of property by way of chance
Except as provided in section 2143 of this title, a person who sells or disposes of property by way of chance or, as an inducement to the sale of property, gives the purchaser or any other person other property to be drawn by way of chance or lottery shall be imprisoned not more than one year or fined not more than $10,000.00, or both, for the first offense and imprisoned not more than three years or fined not more than $10,000.00, or both, for each subsequent offense.
§ 2102a. Affirmative defense
It shall be an affirmative defense to a charge under section 2101 or 2102 of this title that the person charged complied with the provisions of section 2143 of this title.
§ 2103. Lottery tickets
(a) A person shall not:
(1) Sell a lottery ticket or an interest therein, or a paper purporting to be a lottery ticket or an interest therein;
(2) Open or keep an office, shop or store for the purpose of selling or procuring a lottery ticket or paper or an interest therein;
(3) Act as a broker or agent in buying, selling or procuring to be bought or sold or disposed of in any way such ticket or interest therein, or in effecting or in endeavoring to effect a contract in regard thereto;
(4) Set up, exhibit or publish or cause to be set up, exhibited or published within this state written, printed or electronically communicated proposals to buy, sell or procure such ticket or interest therein.
(b) A person violating a provision hereof shall be fined not more than $300.00.
(c) For purposes of this section, no internet service provider or provider of internet transport facilities shall be liable solely as a result of use of its facilities by a third party for a prohibited use without the provider's actual knowledge or express consent.
§ 2133. -At gaming house
A person who plays at cards, dice, tables or other game for money or other valuable in a common gaming or gambling house that is maintained for lucre and gain, shall be fined not more than $200.00 or imprisoned not more than sixty days, or both.
§ 2134. Keeping gambling instrument
A person who has or keeps on premises owned or occupied by him implements or other things used in gambling and permits persons resorting to such premises to use such implements or things for the purpose of gambling shall be imprisoned not more than six months nor less than ten days or fined not more than $500.00 nor less than $10.00, or both.
§ 2135. Gambling machines-Sale, lease or rental
(a) A person, corporation, copartnership or association shall not lease, rent, let on shares, sell, expose for sale or offer for sale:
(1) A machine, apparatus or device, into which may be inserted a piece of money or other object, and from which, as a result of such insertion and the application of physical or mechanical or electrical force, may issue with or without gum or confection, a piece of money, or slug, or a token, or a check or memoranda calling for money, credit or merchandise or property; or
(2) A coin or slot machine, pinball machine, racing machines or other device of like character, wherein there enters any element of chance, whether the same be played for money, checks, credits, merchandise or other thing representative of value; or
(3) A machine or device of any kind or nature by the use or operation of which there is an element of chance for the winning or losing of money or other things of value.
(b) The provisions of this chapter shall not apply to slot machines which were manufactured prior to 1954 and which are not operated for gambling purposes.
§ 2136. -Possession
A person shall be punished as provided in section 2139 of this title who has in his possession, or under his control, or who permits to be placed, maintained or kept in a place of public resort or in premises occupied by him, or under his management or control a machine, apparatus or device as mentioned in section 2135 of this title.
§ 2137. -Seizure; hearing
A sheriff, deputy sheriff, constable or police officer shall seize without a warrant any machine or device described in sections 2134 and 2135 of this title, found in a place of public resort. A sheriff or other officer making such a seizure shall forthwith make a complaint under oath, subscribed by him, to a district judge in the county in which such seizure is made and shall summon the owner or occupant of the place in which such seizure is made to appear before such court and show cause why such machine should not be destroyed.
§ 2138. -Destruction
If, upon hearing, it is found that such machine was seized in a place of public resort, or was seized in any place by reason of a search warrant lawfully issued, the same shall be ordered destroyed and all money or other contents thereof forfeited to the state. The court shall issue its warrant to carry such order into effect.
§ 2139. -Penalties
An association, copartnership, corporation or person who violates a provision of sections 2135-2138 of this title shall be fined not more than $100.00 or be imprisoned not more than six months, or both.
§ 2141. Winning or losing by gambling
A person who wins or loses money or other valuable thing by play or hazard at any game, or by betting on such play or hazard, or sharing in a stake wagered by others on such play or hazard, shall be fined not more than $200.00 nor less than $10.00.
§ 2143. Nonprofit organizations.
(a) Notwithstanding the provisions of this chapter, a nonprofit organization, as defined in section 10201(5) of Title 32, may organize and execute, and an individual may participate in lotteries, raffles or other games of chance for the purpose of raising funds to be used in charitable, religious, educational and civic undertakings or used by fraternal organizations to provide direct support to charitable, religious, educational, or civic undertakings with which they are affiliated. Except as provided in subsection (d) of this section, gambling machines and other mechanical devices described in section 2135 of this title shall not be utilized under authority of this section.
(b) A nonprofit organization may, notwithstanding the provisions of Title 7, distribute or utilize alcoholic beverages as prizes, rewards, winnings in any lottery, raffle or other game of chance.
(c) A person shall not conduct a bingo game in which the numbers picked are communicated electronically or by satellite to players at another location.
(d) Casino events shall be limited as follows:
(e) Games of chance shall be limited as follows:
(f) A nonprofit organization which organizes and executes a game of chance under subsection (a) of this section shall file financial reports with the commissioner of taxes as follows:
(g) The commissioner of taxes shall design the financial forms required by subsection (f) of this section and make them available on request.
(h) The commissioner of taxes shall provide the financial reports required by subsection (f) of this section to the attorney general upon request, notwithstanding the provisions of 32 V.S.A. ß 3102.
(i) A person who intentionally violates subsection (a) of this section shall be fined not more than $500.00.
(j) A person who intentionally violates subsection (c), (d), (e) or (f) of this section shall be fined not more than $10,000.00 for the first offense and fined not more than $100,000.00 or imprisoned not more than three years, or both, for each subsequent offense.
(k) A nonprofit organization which organizes and executes a game of chance under subsection (a) of this section shall permit its members to examine the financial books and records relating to gambling activities of the organization at any reasonable time and, upon request, shall provide photocopies of these records to its members at cost.
§ 2151. Bookmaking; pool selling; off-track wagers
(a) Except as provided under chapter 13 of Title 31, a person shall not
(b) Notwithstanding any provision to the contrary, a public retail establishment, including a holder of a second class license issued under Title 7, may sell raffle tickets on the retail premises for a nonprofit organization that has organized the raffle, provided the raffle is conducted in accordance with section 2143 of this title and that no person is compensated for expenses, as outlined in subdivision 2143(e)(1)(B) of this title.
§ 2152. -Penalty
A person who violates a provision of section 2151 of this title shall be fined not more than $250.00 or imprisoned not more than six months or both for the first offense and fined not more than $2,000.00 or imprisoned not more than five years or both for a subsequent offense. When a person has been convicted in any state of a felony or of a violation of a statute prohibiting bookmaking, his conviction under this section shall be considered a subsequent offense.
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